Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park is a national park in southern Mongolia. The park was established in 1993, and expanded to its current size in 2000. The park, at nearly 27,000 square kilometers, is the largest national park in Mongolia, stretching 380 km from east to west and 80 km from north to south. The park is named for the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains, which translates to the Three Beauties. The name is derived from three subranges, the East, Middle and West Beauty. The range forms the eastern half of the park.

The park lies on the northern edge of the Gobi desert. The higher elevations contain areas of steppe, and reach elevations of up to 2,600 meters. A number of rare plants and animals are found in the park, including the elusive snow leopard, Siberian ibex, wild camel and sheep. Areas of sand dunes are found, most famously the Khongoryn Els – the Singing Sands. Another major tourist destination is Yolyn Am, which is connected with Dalanzadgad by paved road and a mountain valley that contains a large ice field through most of the year.

KHONGORYN ELS also called Duut Mankhan is popularly known as the “Singing Sands”. It lies within the Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park  in Mongolia. The sand dunes extend to over 965 square kilometres (373 sq mi) area, extending up to the foot of the high Altai Mountains range.

Khongoryn Els has a huge range of sand dunes – 6–12 kilometres wide, 180 kilometres long and rising to a height of 80 metres (a maximum height to the apex can be 300 metres). They are similar to the dunes of Egypt. The sands have attractive curves which end in a sharp edge, making wave like patterns on the sand. They continually change shape due to wind and reflect yellow-white colours as the intensity of light changes during the day.

As the sand is moved due to winds or is in the process of collapse due to small avalanches, a strong sound is made giving it the name “Singing Sands.”

The northern border of the dunes is skirted by a small river, the Khongroyn Gol, where green pastures are noted. The river is sourced by subterranean flows from the mountains forming its valley. Grazing by camels and horses of the nomadic population of the area is noted. The wildlife recorded consist of Saker falcons, Pallas’s sandgrouse and Saxaul sparrow, red fox.

YOLYN AM is a deep and narrow canyon in the Gurvan Saikhan Mountain. The valley is named after the vulture , which is called Yol in Mongolian, hence the name is often translated to Valley of the Vultures or Valley of the Eagles, famous for its dramatic and very unusual scenery- its valley in the middle of the Gobi Desert with meters thick ice almost all year around. It’s one of the natural secret of Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park and beautiful deep canyon with many rocky cliffs, has been created by many years of water erosion. Located at a height of 2500 metres, Valture valley forms a gorge that is so deep and so narrow, that only two persons can pass in some places. The water forms four small waterfalls. Although the sun shines a lot in this region, the canyon remains dark, so that in the bottom, a part of the river remains nearly all year long covered by a thick layer of ice.
Very wide at the entrance, it narrows gradually into a remarkable gorge. In earlier times, the blocks of ice rarely melted, being protected from the vicious sunlight. This however has changed in recent years, partially because of the multitudes of tourists that walk on the ice. You can still see ice here in July but it is almost completely melted by August. Here, travellers can discover permanent glaciers, endemic plants, and rare animals such as Siberian ibex, argalis, or bearded vultures. Snow leopards and other predators also live in the Yol Valley area.


These mountains with granite stone massifs are located in Delgertsogt sum, Dund Gobi Province. Baga Gazryn Chuluu, is a 15km long and 10 km wide stone massif, is located 30 km to the south east of Adaatsag sum. The highest point is Tahilgat Mountain /1768 m/ in the Northwest part of the stone massif. Over 20 kinds of medical herbs and many species of animals such as wild sheep, ibex and marmot exist here, Surtiin am is one of many beautiful places in Baga gazryn stone massif. This is a narrow canyon with asp, birch, white wicker and elm tree, as well the ruin of a stone temple and the site of 2 yurts where monks lived and meditated since the seventieth century.

There is a 20 m long cave near to the Surtiin Am. Crystals can be found around the cave. Life size paintings of deer are painted on a granite stone and another yurt shaped stone called Ger chuluu. According to scientists, 64 tombs and tumuli dated back to Xiongnu tribe have been found around Baga zagriin Chuluu. Also, there is a spring water which comes from under source is good for eye illness.


The scarp of Tsagaan Suvarga is located in the south west of the Dundgobi province. It is a sheer slope that was an ancient seabed that featured a sedimentary structure that was created over millions of years. It is interesting to see this slope because it faces eastward towards the sun, and from a distance it appears to be the ruins of an ancient city. That is why it was called the “White stupa”. This formation is over 60m tall at its highest point and continues for an impressive length of 400m. The stupa rises to the sky at an angle of 90 degrees.  After a large rain the torrent of water that flows down the stupa looks like a massive waterfall. There are 2 famous caves, that lie 7 km to the east of the white stupa, they are called Khevtee Bosoo agui (Lie and Stand Cave). They are titled “lie and stand caves” because some parts of the cave are very small so you can only crawl, but other areas are very large so you are able to stand up.

Flaming Cliff

High and steep red mud cliffs can be seen in the bottom of the ancient sea. As well as many important paleontological findings discovered here. Some of the findings are valuable, new and rare in the world. A complete dinosaur nest found from Flaming Cliffs discovered that dinosaurs laid eggs. In 1922, American Researcher Roy Andrew traveled Mongolia expecting to find a trace of the human ancestors. On the way back home, Roy Andrew team found a cemetery of dinosaurs in Flaming Cliffs except for they found human settlement camp dating back to The Stone Age. People of the Gobi knew the bones laying everywhere but they thought those bones are of dragons. There are many cliffs contain dinosaur bones in the Gobi and the cliffs attract thunder more compared to the surrounding area made people think of dragons. Flaming Cliff is a picturesque natural formation and a nice place to go hiking.


Bayanzag translated “an area rich in saxual tree” and is located 5 km from Flaming Cliffs. It is on the brink of extinction in certain areas. It has been used as fuel during the 2008 Central Asian Energy Crisis, among others.
In Mongolia, it is being used as an aid, to light coal. There is no other wood around in the deserts and semi-desertous areas. nomads are forced to cut the precious saxauls for heating.

It’s golden bark, and graceful silhouette breaks the seemingly endless dunes of the Gobi. They stand as intricate works of art, as their windswept bodies live and thrive in one of the worlds’ most extreme climates.

They play a vital role in the ecology of the semi-desertous areas, they are highly drought resistant, and serve as a buffer zone, a shelter-belt to avoid further desertification. . The tree has very long roots and remains green even in dry summer
Mongolia is ecologically extremely fragile, and the rate of desertification has been alarming in the past decades.

Survival tip for Mongolian adventurers:

If you are lost in the desert, and on the brink of death from dehydration, then just press a few pieces of saxaul tree bark together, to press water out of it.





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