The Soyombo symbol is a special character in the Soyombo alphabet invented by Zanabazar in 1686. The name “Soyombo” is derived from Sanskrit svayambhu “self-created”. It serves as a national symbol of Mongolia, to be found on the Flag of Mongolia, the Emblem of Mongolia, and on many other official documents. The Soyombo symbol has appeared on the national Flag of Mongolia since 1911
The Soyombo has ten elements in the columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric symbols and patterns. They are fire, sun, moon, two triangles, two horizontal rectangles, the Taiji (yin & yang) and two vertical rectangles. The elements in the symbol are given the following significance:
Flame The upper part of the Soyombo is a flame. The three branches of the flame stand for the past, present and future and will flourish this three times. Fire is seen as a symbol of eternal growth, wealth, and success.
Sun and Moon These two ancient symbols of Mongolia symbolise that the Mongolian nation will exist for eternity as the eternal blue sky. Mongolian symbol of the sun, moon and fire derived from the Xiongnu.
The two triangles. They symbolize the shape of a spear and arrow. They are both pointed down to symbolize the defeat of interior and exterior enemy.
The two horizontal rectangles are to stabilize the round figure in between and to make it upright. Round is supposed to contain an unstable spirit. The rectangular shape represents the honesty and justice of the people of Mongolia, whether they stand at the top or at the bottom of society.
The round form looks very much like the yin yang symbol, illustrates the mutual complement of man and woman. In Mongolia it is explained as two fishes. Fishes are supposed to never close their eyes so they can always be watchful. The fish symbolize the masculine part and female part and thus reproduction.
The two vertical rectangles can be interpreted as the walls of a fort.. Their image represents firmness and strength.
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